Survival first aid kits are just as vital a component of a survival kit as food, water, or fire starting materials. Should a medical emergency arise in the wilderness it is important to be able to provide basic medical care until the patient can be moved to a proper medical facility or until help can be found. Survival first aid kits should contain more advanced gear than a regular first aid kit and should include materials for splints and slings. The kit should also contain an instruction booklet and it is a good idea to invest in some training courses to be certain you can use the first aid kit to full effectiveness.
Components potentially needed in a survival first aid kit but not in more commercial kits include rubbing alcohol, betadine, sutures, a wound probe, instant hot and cold packs, prep pads, eye pads, sponges, cotton balls, burn treatments, dental tools and scalpel blades. Again, this should come with a comprehensive guide explaining how to administer the necessary first aid and should cover a list of common situations requiring first aid, such as burns, concussions, shock, fractures, snake bites, and insect bites.
So just because you have a comprehensive survival first aid kit doesn’t mean you should be in a rush to have to use it. Mother’s maxim applies; an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. The fact is many common medical emergencies can be prevented with prudence. One example is to wear high lacing boots. The extra support above and below the ankle can help reduce ankle sprains, plus you have the added benefit of protection from snake bite. Wearing long sleeve clothing and a hat while hiking can reduce the number of tics that imbed in your skin.
Having a survival first aid kit is a preventative measure should the worst happen. But before venturing into the wilderness be sure you are physically fit to do so. If you have cavities, get them filled. If you have a nagging ingrown toenail, get it removed and the infection treated. Eating a healthy diet and being nutritionally sound when leaving civilization can prevent many of the ailments you could pick up along the way.
A couple more words of advice regarding your survival first aid kit. Travel with a companion. It is much easier to administer proper first aid on someone else, or to have someone else apply first aid to you even if you have to coach them through it. One last disclaimer. Do not attempt medical procedures that are beyond your skills or knowledge. If at all possible, stabilize the patient until more complete treatment can be administered by a medical professional.